Jackson’s chameleons (Chamaeleo jacksonii xantholophus) occur in montane regions of East Africa. Jackson’s are equipped with opposable toes, prehensile tails, independently rotating eyes and specialized tongues for snaring insects. Male Jackson’s have three rostral projections (“horns”) that they use for combat with other males. (House male Jackson’s chameleons separately from other males.)
Jackson’s do best when provided with both an indoor and outdoor enclosure. To get maximum airflow, use a screened indoor enclosure sized at least 3 feet tall by 2 feet wide by 2 feet long. Provide a bush, such as a jade tree or tropical fig, for each chameleon. Jackson’s also benefit from full-spectrum lighting and a 50- to 75-watt basking light. Daytime temperatures should be 74 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit, with nighttime temperatures falling into the 50s and 60s. Remember to mist the chameleon’s cage several times a day and to keep this sensitive reptile in a quiet room away from small children and dogs and cats.
These chameleons eat crickets, giant mealworms and wax worm adults and larvae. Wild insects may also be offered. Variety is the key to a good diet. Dust feeder insects with a reptile mineral and vitamin supplement every third or forth feeding. Gut loading the feeder insects is also a good idea.